What Kind of Doctors Specialize in Neuropathy?

by Waden E. Emery III MD FAAN, – Neuromuscular Neurologist
Board Certified in Neurology, Asst Clinical Professor in Neurology
Miller School of Medicine University of Miami

After reading the list of causes of Neuropathy, you will understand why diagnosis of Peripheral Neuropathy, type and cause, is often difficult.  Diagnosis takes the best brains in Neurology and a doctor who has the time to work with and listen to the patient.  The Neurologist who takes the patients symptoms seriously is more likely to be able to help and diagnosis the patient correctly.

A Board Certified Neuromuscular Neurologist is more likely to be trained to understand and read the testing and is aware of the subtle differences in the manifestations and symptoms of each general category of types and causes.

The type of neuropathy may point to a possible cause.

It is very important for patients to understand that not all the symptoms listed above are due to Peripheral Neuropathy and may be due to other disease processes.  Therefore the symptoms must be evaluated and diagnosed based on the total information and testing, thus evaluated to rule out other causes of some of the symptoms listed.

You can find Doctors Who Treat Neuropathy in the NSN’s Neuropathy Directories.

What are the types of Neuropathy?

  • Axonal Neuropathy / Polyneuropathy
  • Sensory Neuropathy / Polyneuropathy
  • Multifocal Motor Neuropathy (MMN)
  • Multifocal Demyelinating Sensorimotor Neuropathy (Lewis Summer Syndromes)
  • Neuropathy with IgM Monoclonal Gammopathy
  • Anti-Mag or Gangliosides Antibodies
  • Sensory/Motor Neuropathy / Polyneuropathy
  • Immune Mediated Neuropathy / Polyneuropathy
  • Large Fiber Neuropathy / Polyneuropathy
  • Small Fiber Neuropathy (SFN)
  • Autonomic Neuropathy
  • Autoimmune Sensory Neuronitis
  • Guillain Barré Syndrome (GBS)
  • Distal Symmetric Polyneuropathy
  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP)
  • Sjogren’s Syndrome

Types when there is a suspected cause:

  • Diabetic Neuropathy or Glucose Intolerance
  • Diabetic Amyotrophy
  • Vitamin E, B1, B6, B12 Deficiency
  • Vitamin B6 toxicity
  • Bariatric Surgery and Malabsorption with nutritional deficiency
  • Celiac Neuropathy
  • Chemotherapy/Radiation induced neuropathy
  • Neuropathy in alcoholic abuse
  • Hereditary or genetic neuropathy
  • Neuropathy in Agent Orange (Dioxin) exposure***
  • Entrapment Neuropathy (Carpel Tunnel Syndrome as an example)
  • Toxic neuropathy
  • Drug induced neuropathy
  • Neuropathy with IgA, IgM Monoclonal Gammopathy
  • Hepatitis C Infection
  • Vasculitic neuropathy
  • Neuropathy in AIDS
  • Neuropathy in Lyme Disease
  • Diphtheric (bacterial infections) neuropathy
  • Sarcoid or Parasitic Infection (Chagas’ Disease) neuropathy
  • Leprosy
  • Neuropathy in cancer or Lymphoproliferative disorders
  • Paraneoplastic neuropathy
  • Neuropathy in myeloma or POEMS
  • Neuropathy in amyloidosis
  • Ulcerative Colitis
  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Shingles or Cytomegalovirus infections

(***Supported by the findings of the Institute of Medicine in 2010 and confirmed by the Veterans Affairs Administration law in 2012 as presumptive to Agent Orange exposure. For guidance in submitting a claim to the VA go to this link on Guidelines for Veterans or send an E Mail to gene@neuropathysupportnetwork.org for more guidance.)